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Start Screen Layout - Specify Default in Windows 8.1


Brink

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mvp
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Start Screen Layout - Specify Default in Windows 8.1
This tutorial will show you how to specify a custom Start screen layout to be the default for specific or all users that cannot be changed in the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 8.1 and Windows RT 8.1.
Published by Brink
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How to Specify a Default Start Screen Layout for Users in Windows 8.1
Synopsis
This tutorial will show you how to specify a custom Start screen layout to be the default for specific or all users that cannot be changed in the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 8.1 and Windows RT 8.1.
How to Specify a Default Start Screen Layout for Users in Windows 8.1


information   Information
A Start screen layout includes pinned items (files, folders, apps, programs, and drives), and how app tiles are organized and named.

This tutorial will show you how to specify a custom Start screen layout to be the default for specific or all users that cannot be changed in the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 8.1 and Windows RT 8.1.

You must be signed in as an administrator to be able to do the steps in this tutorial.

Tip   Tip
For more information, see also: Customize Windows 8.1 Start Screens by Using Group Policy

Even though the Microsoft article from the link above says this quote below, this also works just fine in Windows 8.1 Pro Update.

Start screen control is supported in the Windows 8.1 Enterprise operating system, the Windows RT 8.1 operating system with sideloading enabled, and in all editions of the Windows Server 2012 R2 operating system. Start screen control is not supported in the Windows 8.1 Pro operating system and the Windows 8.1 operating system.
Note   Note
When you specify a default Start screen layout, the user(s) will no longer be able to customize their Start screen anymore.

Affected Start screen customizations:
  • Drag and drop tiles to arrange apps on Start screen.
  • Name or rename groups of apps on Start screen.
  • Resize app tiles on Start screen.
  • The ability to "Pin to Start" anything from anywhere.
  • "Unpin from Start" by selecting (press and hold or right click) an app in Start and Apps view.
  • "Pin to taskbar" or "Unpin from taskbar" by selecting (press and hold or right click) a desktop app in Start and Apps view. You will still be able to "Pin/unpin to/from taskbar" desktop apps from File Explorer.
  • "Uninstall" app by selecting (press and hold or right click) an app in Start and Apps view. You will still be able to uninstall desktop apps in Programs and Features.
  • "Turn live tile on/off" by selecting (press and hold or right click) an app in Start and Apps view.


Here's How:

1. If you have not already, you will need to prepare a Start screen layout for export.

A) Create a new user account that you will use to customize the Start screen layout.

B) Sign in to the user account that you created.

C) Customize the Start screen as you want users to see it by using the following techniques:


Note   Note
Be sure to only have anything pinned to the Start screen that all users have access to. If a user does not have a modern app installed that is pinned to this custom Start screen, then that app will not display for that user.



2. When finished, you'll need to export the Start screen layout as an .xml file. This .xml file is called the Start layout file, and is what's used to specify this default Start screen layout from step 1 for users.

A) Open a command prompt.

B) In the command prompt, copy and paste the command below, press Enter, and close the command prompt when it's finished.

Code:
powershell export-startlayout –path %UserProfile%\Desktop\Default_Start_Screen_Layout.xml -as xml
Start_Screen_Layout_Export_CMD.jpg

C) You will now have a Default_Start_Screen_Layout.xml file exported to the desktop of this user account. If you like, you can rename this .xml file anything you like without spaces.

D) Move the Default_Start_Screen_Layout.xml file to a location where you would like to use and keep it saved at. For example, the "C:\Users\Public\Documents" folder.

Note   Note
-path is a required parameter that specifies the path and file name for the export file. You can specify a local path or a UNC path (for example, \\FileServer01\StartLayouts\StartLayoutMarketing.xml).

The file must be accessible on the local computer when a user signs in (the user must have at least Read-only access). If the .xml file is not available, the Start screen layout is not deployed during that session, and the user can make changes to the Start screen.

If you plan to deploy a GPO that customizes Start screen layouts for domain users, store the .xml file in shared network storage that all of the users can access.

-as xml saves the layout in the .xml file format that the Start Screen Layout policy settings require.


3. Sign in to an administrator account, and open the all users, specific users or groups, or all users except administrators Local Group Policy Editor for how you want this policy applied.

4. In the left pane, click/tap on to expand User Configuration, Administrative Templates, and open Start Menu and Taskbar. (see screenshot below)

Default_Start_Screen_Layout-1.jpg

5. In the right pane of Start Menu and Taskbar, double click/tap on Start Screen Layout to edit it. (see screenshot above)

6. Do step 7 or 8 below for what you would like to do.


7. To No Longer Specify a Start Screen Layout for Users
NOTE: This is the default setting, and will allow users to be able customize their Start screen layout how they like.

A) Select (dot) Disabled or Not Configured, click/tap on OK, and go to step 9 below. (see screenshot below step 8C)
NOTE: Not Configured is the default setting.

8. To Specify a Start Screen Layout for Users

A) If you have Windows 8.1 Enterprise and disable Start Screen Layout policy settings that have been in effect, you must update the Last Modified date on the .xml file before continuing on to step 8B to enable the policy settings again.



  • Open a command prompt.
  • In the command prompt, type the command below, press Enter, and close the command prompt when it's finished.
powershell (ls "full path of .xml file").LastWriteTime = Get-Date

For example:


Code:
powershell (ls "C:\Users\Public\Documents\Default_Start_Screen_Layout.xml".LastWriteTime = Get-Date
Start_Screen_Layout_Get-Date_CMD.jpg


B) Select (dot) Enabled. (see screenshot below)

C) In the Start Layout File field under Options, type the full path of the .xml file location from step 2D above, click/tap on OK, and go to step 9 below. (see screenshot below)

Default_Start_Screen_Layout-2.jpg


9. You can now close the Local Group Policy Editor window if you like.

10. The next time the users sign in, the GPO will import the new Start screen layout.


That's it,
Shawn


 
Last edited:

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AndykUK

New Member
Posts
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#2
Hey, I know an old post, I used it setting up our environment.
but just in case people read this, this functionality seems to have stopped working in 8.1 pro if you install November or December Rollups (KB3000850 or KB3013769)
existing users who have profiles on the PCs will remain fine, but new users end up with a blank start screen layout.
The fact it worked in Pro was bug, the 'fixed' that bug in the rollups.

We had this working for months until those updates went out and it stopped! Confirmed with MS.
 

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  • OS
    8.1

Brink

Administrator
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mvp
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#3
Thank you for the update Andy.
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    64-bit Windows 10
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    System Manufacturer/Model
    Custom self built
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus XI Formula Z390
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated Digital Audio (S/PDIF)
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1TB Samsung 970 EVO Plus M.2,
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    8TB WD MyCloudEX2Ultra NAS
    PSU
    OCZ Series Gold OCZZ1000M 1000W
    Case
    Thermaltake Core P3
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    1 Gb/s Download and 35 Mb/s Upload
    Browser
    Internet Explorer 11
    Antivirus
    Malwarebyte Anti-Malware Premium
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Logitech BRIO 4K Pro webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB8200 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL - SURT1000XLI,
    Lumia 1520 phone

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