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Processor Affinity - Set for Applications in Windows 8


Brink

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Processor Affinity - Set for Applications in Windows 8
If you have a multi-core processor, then this tutorial will show you how to set the processor affinity of an application to control which core(s) of the processor the application will run on in Windows 8.
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How to Set Processor Affinity for an Application in Windows 8 and 8.1
Synopsis
If you have a multi-core processor, then this tutorial will show you how to set the processor affinity of an application to control which core(s) of the processor the application will run on in Windows 8.
How to Set Processor Affinity for an Application in Windows 8 and 8.1


information   Information
Processor affinity or CPU Pinning enables the binding and un-binding of a process or thread to a physical CPU or a range of CPUs, so that the process or thread in question will run only on the CPU or range of CPUs in question, rather than being able to run on any CPU

By default, Windows 8 runs an application on all available cores of the processor. If you have a multi-core processor, then this tutorial will show you how to set the processor affinity of an application to control which core(s) of the processor the application will run on.


If the application and CPU supports Symmetric Multiprocessing (SMP) or HyperThreading (HT), then Windows will automatically adjust the application's usage of each processor core for the best performance. You will not gain much, if anything, from manually changing the processor affinity for these type of applications.

If you have more then one processor intensive applications running, then you could improve their performance by setting the processor affinity of their processes to run on a different core(s). This way they are not competing for the resources of the same core(s).

Note   Note
It is NOT recommended to change the processor affinity for system processes. Doing so could reduce their performance or slow the system down.

The affinity changes you make to the current instance of an application or process are only temporary and not set permanently. Once you close the application or restart your system, the processor affinity of the application will automatically return back to the default of running on all available CPU cores.








OPTION ONE
To Set CPU Affinity of Process in Task Manager

1. Open the application (ex: CCleaner) that you want to change the processor affinity of.​
2. Open Task Manager with more details.​
3. If prompted by UAC, click/tap on Yes.​
4. In the Processes tab, right click on the application (ex: CCleaner64.exe) or process from step 1, and click/tap on Go to details. (see screenshot below)​
W8_Processor_Affinity-1.jpg

5. In the Details tab, right click on the already highlighted name of the file (ex: CCleaner64.exe) for the process from step 4, and click/tap on Set affinity. (see screenshot below)​
NOTE: If Set Affinity is grayed out, then it means that the process cannot have the processor affinity set for.​
W8_Processor_Affinity-2.jpg

6. Check (allow) or Uncheck (not allow) one or more CPU cores that you want to be allowed or not allowed to run the application on, then click/tap on OK. (see screenshot below)​
NOTE: Only the number of cores in your processor(s) will be available to set affinity to. CPU-0 = Core 1, CPU-1 = Core 2, etc...
W8_Processor_Affinity-3.jpg

7. Repeat for any other applications that you wish to change the processor affinity of.​
8. When finished, close Task Manager.​







OPTION TWO
To Run a Program with a Set CPU Affinity in Command Prompt

1. This step will show you how many CPU cores you have, and how to figure the hex value to use at step 3 below for the CPU(s) you want to run the application on.​
NOTE: If you should need any assistance with this step, then please feel free to post. I'll be happy to help.​
A) Open Task Manager (CTRL+Shift+ESC) in more details view, click/tap on the Details tab, right click or press and hold on any process in the Name column, and click/tap on Set affinity. (see screenshot below)​
NOTE: This will show you how many CPU cores you have. I have 12 CPU cores numbered from 0 to 11.​
Task_Manager_Affinity-all.png

B) For how many CPU cores you have will also be how long the binary number will be. Since I have 12 CPU cores, the binary number will be 12 zeros 000000000000. Each zero in the binary number represents a CPU core number from right to left. In my case with 12 CPU cores, the far right 0 in the binary number will be for CPU 0, and the far left 0 will be for CPU 11. (see screenshot below)​
C) For each CPU number you want to run the application on, replace 0 (off) with 1 (on) in the binary number for the CPU numbers.​
For example, if I wanted to run the application only on CPU 0, then my binary number would be changed to 000000000001. To run the application on CPU 0 and CPU 3, I would use 000000001001. (see screenshot below)​
binary.jpg

D) Go the website below, and type your binary number from step 1C above into the Binary field. This will convert the binary number to a hexadecimal (hex) that you will need to use at step 3 below.​

For example, with my 000000000001 binary number, I get a hex value of 1. (see screenshot below)​
Binary-Decimal-Hexadecimal-Converter.png

2. Open a command prompt.​
3. In the command prompt, type the command below into the location area, and click/tap on the Next button. (see screenshot below)​
cmd.exe /c start "Program Name" /affinity # "Full path of application file"

For example: I would type this command below exactly if I wanted to create a shortcut to run Process Monitor on only CPU 0 (step 1), and it's .exe file is located at "E:\Programs\Process Monitor 3.05\Procmon.exe".​
(For only on CPU 0)​
cmd.exe /c start "Process Monitor" /affinity 1 "E:\Programs\Process Monitor 3.05\Procmon.exe"
(For on CPU 0 and CPU 3)​
cmd.exe /c start "Process Monitor" /affinity 9 "E:\Programs\Process Monitor 3.05\Procmon.exe"
Note   Note
Substitute Program Name in the command with the actual program's name within quotes.
Note   Note

Substitute # in the command for the affinity # with the hex value (ex: 1) from step 1D above.​
Substitute Full path of application file in the command with the full path of the file within quotes.​




That's it,
Shawn


 
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Brink

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mvp
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You're most welcome Elytherial. I'm glad it was able to help. :)
 

My Computer

System One

  • OS
    64-bit Windows 10
    Computer type
    PC/Desktop
    System Manufacturer/Model
    Custom self built
    CPU
    Intel i7-8700K OC'd to 5 GHz
    Motherboard
    ASUS ROG Maximus XI Formula Z390
    Memory
    16 GB (8GBx2) G.SKILL TridentZ DDR4 3200 MHz
    Graphics Card(s)
    ASUS ROG-STRIX-GTX1080TI-O11G-GAMING
    Sound Card
    Integrated Digital Audio (S/PDIF)
    Monitor(s) Displays
    3 x 27" Asus VE278Q
    Screen Resolution
    1920x1080
    Hard Drives
    1TB Samsung 970 EVO Plus M.2,
    250GB Samsung 960 EVO M.2,
    6TB WD Black WD6001FZWX
    8TB WD MyCloudEX2Ultra NAS
    PSU
    OCZ Series Gold OCZZ1000M 1000W
    Case
    Thermaltake Core P3
    Cooling
    Corsair Hydro H115i
    Keyboard
    Logitech wireless K800
    Mouse
    Logitech MX Master
    Internet Speed
    1 Gb/s Download and 35 Mb/s Upload
    Browser
    Internet Explorer 11
    Antivirus
    Malwarebyte Anti-Malware Premium
    Other Info
    Logitech Z625 speaker system,
    Logitech BRIO 4K Pro webcam,
    HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M477fdn,
    Linksys EA9500 router,
    Arris SB8200 cable modem,
    APC SMART-UPS RT 1000 XL - SURT1000XLI,
    Lumia 1520 phone

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