I'd start with the graphics and psu.
Originally Posted by xorkex
Use a different video card or if you don't have another one, use the onboard video, to test.
If no bsods happen like that, then it could be a faulty card (more likely) or faulty psu.
Of course, double and triple check that nothing is being overclocked at all. Monitor cpu and gpu temps to see if they remain within spec. If there is any dust or debris build up by the fan(s), clear it.
This will likely not stop the bsods, but I noticed you don't have Intel's proprietary drivers installed for the storage subsystems:
Download/install the latest Intel Chipset INF Update Utility and also Rapid Storage driver for your 7 Series/C216 Chipset Family from Intel.com (or storage ones from ASUS for your model).
Name Intel(R) 7 Series/C216 Chipset Family SATA AHCI Controller - 1E02
PNP Device ID PCI\VEN_8086&DEV_1E02&SUBSYS_84CA1043&REV_04\3&11583659&0&FA
I/O Port 0x0000F070-0x0000F077
I/O Port 0x0000F060-0x0000F063
I/O Port 0x0000F050-0x0000F057
I/O Port 0x0000F040-0x0000F043
I/O Port 0x0000F020-0x0000F03F
Memory Address 0xF7F16000-0xF7F167FF
IRQ Channel IRQ 19
Driver c:\windows\system32\drivers\msahci.sys (6.1.7601.17514, 30.38 KB (31,104 bytes), 11/21/2010 5:23)
Name ATA Channel 0
Manufacturer (Standard IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers)
PNP Device ID PCIIDE\IDECHANNEL\4&15828421&0&0
Driver c:\windows\system32\drivers\atapi.sys (6.1.7600.16385, 23.56 KB (24,128 bytes), 7/14/2009 2:19)
If you have 1 or more USB 3.0 ports, install this too: